Advantage Northeast

The North-Eastern Region (NER) encompasses a group of eight states, namely Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim, and Tripura. This region is of immense strategic importance for India as it serves as a gateway to Southeast Asia, with each state sharing a border with at least one Southeast Asian nation.

Besides being a melting pot of cultures, the NER is also a global biodiversity hotspot, making it an attractive destination for tourists.

Although the NER covers only 7.98% of India’s total geographical the region only accounts for 3.78% of the total population. Over 54% of the region’s population, particularly in hilly areas, belong to tribal communities and 2011 census, the NER is home to approximately 135 Scheduled Tribe groups out of a total of around 705 in India.

Furthermore, the region has abundant natural resources that are yet to be fully explored, which is why it is rapidly emerging as a hub for sustainable manufacturing and service industries.

The northeast region boasts abundant natural resources, agro-horticultural and forest resources, hydroelectric potential, oil and natural gas, and several mineral deposits, making it well-positioned for industrial growth and expansion.

The primary industries in the NER’s industrial sector include agriculture, food processing, and mineral extraction, with notable businesses in bamboo, natural gas and oil, plastic, coal, silk, jute, tea, and petroleum sectors.

In recent years, significant investments have been pouring into sectors like food processing, pharmaceuticals, tourism and hospitality, cement, education, healthcare, and infrastructure, laying the foundation for the NER’s overall development.

Key Demographic Indicators

Northeast India
Population (millions), 2011 Census
Population density (per sq. km.)
Literacy Rate (Census 2011) (% age)
Life Expectancy (in Years)

Key Economic Indicators


The Region’s GSDP at current prices is INR 5.75 lakh crore in FY 2021-22


Compounded Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of GSDP of North-eastern States grew at 08.17% from FY2015 to FY2022

Per Capita Income

Per capita income: The per capita income for the North-eastern region was Rs. 1,11,757 (approximately $1,490) in the financial year 2019-20.


Infrastructure: The region has a total of 13640 km of national highways.


Infrastructure: 3,891 km of state highways, and 2,657 km of major district roads

Road Density

The average road density per 100 Sq Km of area is 143.72Km against the national average of 115.30 Km

  • Gateway to Southeast Asia
    A strategic location that offers easy access to ASEAN markets.
  • Abundant Natural Resources:
    An abundance of oil, gas, coal, minerals, timber, medicinal plants, bamboo, forest products, and an abundance of water for industries to exploit.
  • India's Green Hub:
    Home to lush forests and rich biodiversity, it is an ideal destination for ecotourism and agro-based industries.
  • Diverse Cultural Heritage:
    A region with unique ethnic communities and traditions that offer investment opportunities in tourism and handicrafts.
  • Government Incentives:
    A range of incentives, including tax holidays, subsidies, and reimbursements to support business growth.
  • Low-cost Manufacturing Hub:
    Low labor costs compared to other parts of India and the world.
  • Skilled Workforce:
    A young, educated, and skilled workforce that is proficient in English.
  • Growing Infrastructure:
    Rapidly developing infrastructure, including new industrial parks, and technology parks.
  • Stable Business Environment:
    A favourable business climate with a low crime rate, stable political environment, and supportive government policies.
  • Emerging Consumer Market:
    A growing consumer market with rising incomes and increased urbanization that offers immense potential for business.
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